By: Adrianna Nelson

Title: Skyping In Kindergarten

Summary/Abstract: In this lesson, students are going to work in pairs to represent addition and subtraction in a creative way. They will gather all the information they have about addition and subtraction and teach it to another student/students in a different school using Skype as our technology tool. Each group will need to be able to carry on the conversation with the other school's students and do your best to answer any questions they may have.

Content Area: Reading, Writing, and Communicating
Grade Level Expectations: Kindergarten
Standard 2. a. Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about Kindergarten topics and text with peers and adults in small or large groups.
Content Area: Mathematics
Grade Level Expectations: Kindergarten
Standard 2. I. Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds, acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations.

Audience: Kindergarteners
Behavior: Communicate and share the knowledge they have learned over addition and subtraction
Condition: Working in pairs, you will pick a creative way to work with addition and subtraction in order to teach it to another student
Degree: Students will need to continue on the conversation with the student/students they are teaching for at least five minutes and try to answer any questions that arise

21st Century Skills and Bloom's:
This lesson does address a few of the NETS 21st Century Skills. One is to Facilitate and Inspire student learning and creativity. With this 21st century skill, students will need to model collaborative knowledge construction by engaging in learning with students, colleagues, and others in face to face and virtual environments. This lesson address this skill by the students coming up with their own creative way to show how to add and subtract using any object or tool they desire. The students are also going to engaged by sharing all the information they have about adding and subtracting with a student in another Kindergarten class from a different school. Another NETS 21st Century Skill this lesson meets is to model digital age work and learning. With this skill, students will communicate relevant information and ideas effectively to students, parents, and peers using a variety of digital age media and formats. This lesson does meet this skill because students are going to be communicating with other students. They will be carrying on a conversation for a minimum of five minutes. Students are also going to communicating over the Skype technology tool.
This lesson also integrates some of the Bloom's levels as well. It includes knowledge and comprehension. The knowledge covers knowledge of specifics, terminology, and specific facts. These Kindergarteners are going to be going over specific information (adding and subtracting) using terminology and specific facts that they have learned over those skills. The comprehension level comes into affect when they are translating the information and interpreting the questions that may arise from the others students being taught this information.

Overview of the Technology Tool:
Skype is a free online phone call service. You can communicate by either a microphone, webcam, or instant messaging. This way of communicating allows you to have a conversation with anybody from anywhere in the world for free. You can just download the Skype program, create your account, and begin to keep in touch with all your friends/family no matter where they are. Here is a link where you can click download and load the program onto your computer. Remember it is a free program so that makes it easier for long distance or length of conversations. On this same link you can read all of the background information about Skype and read how to use this technology tool. I hope you enjoy it just as much as I have.
Lesson Details:
In this lesson students are going to gather all of the information we have worked on so far about adding and subtracting and get prepared to share this information with a student from another school. We will be working in pairs, so each team will need to get creative and come up with a way to teach this information by using objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds, acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations. The teacher can give an example by using counting blocks and putting more in a group and taking some away from the group. The students can begin by having a discussion on what object or tool would work best to display the information and then practice how you would teach/share adding and subtracting to another Kindergartener. Make sure each team has enough to discuss with the other school, because you have a minimum time limit of five minutes. The most important aspect is to make sure the student/students your team is teaching understands what you are telling them. Always try your best to answer any questions that they may have for you.

What's the Added Value:
There is some added value in this lesson as well. We are first covering information that students should be feeling confident about. Adding and subtracting are topics we have been covering all year. Being able to translate the information you understand and communicate it with someone else is added value. Students here are going to be able to get creative and teach someone how to add and subtract in a way that makes sense to them. Communication is very important at all ages. So we are trying to incorporate all of that value into one lesson. With this lesson as well, we are using 21st century skills. Students are going to be communicating over Skype, a technology tool. This tool will allow you to use a web cam and see and hear the person on the other end as if they were sitting right in front of you. This lesson should be a lot of fun so enjoy it!

What I leaned:
Through out this project I have learned that there are so many different technology tools out there that are going to work well in classrooms. Teachers need to aware that these tools can be beneficial to students and not looked at as a toy or distraction. I have also learned that some of the standards can be combined into one lesson, like the one I chose to do. I hope to one day use a lesson like this exact one or switch some things around in the future but use the same concept.